Checklist of sponges (Phylum Porifera, Kingdom Animalia)
that live or potentially live in the ocean adjacent to Mount Desert Island

information absorbed by the
Champlain Project - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653

(updated 13 July 2011)

Species attributed to Pollock (1998) are those that were reported as occurring between Cape Cod and Newfoundland (but not necessarily in the ocean waters surrounding Mount Desert Island). If they were not reported by Procter (1933), they need further examination and potential removal from this checklist.

Please send corrections and updates to Photographs are welcome. Thank you.

Class Order Family Genus Specific Epithet authority common name Sources (full citations given after this table)
Demospongiae Hadromerida Clionidae Cliona celata Grant sulfur sponge Procter (1933, p. 114.), Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Hadromerida Polymastiidae Polymastia robusta Bowerbank ? Procter (1933, p. 110.)
Demospongiae Hadromerida Suberitidae Suberites concinnus Lambe ? Procter (1933, p. 109.)
Demospongiae Hadromerida Suberitidae Suberites ficus (Johnston) fig sponge Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Hadromerida Suberitidae Suberites hispidus (Johnston) ? Procter (1933, p. 106.), Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Hadromerida Suberitidae Suberites montalbidus (Johnston) ? Procter (1933, p. 108.)
Demospongiae Halichondrida Halichondriidae Halichondria bowerbanki Burton yellow sun sponge Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Halichondrida Halichondriidae Halichondria fibrosa Fristedt ? Procter (1933, p. 87.)
Demospongiae Halichondrida Halichondriidae Halichondria genitrix Schmidt ? Procter (1933, p. 87.)
Demospongiae Halichondrida Halichondriidae Halichondria panicea (Pallas) crumb-of-bread sponge Champlainer (TFV), Procter (1933, p. 86.), Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Halichondrida Halichondriidae Halichondria sitiens Schmidt ? Procter (1933, p. 88., as Eumastia sitiens)
Demospongiae Halichondrida Halichondriidae Hymeniacidon heliophila (Parker) ? Procter (1933, p. 102., as Stylotella simplissima)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Acarnidae Iophon pattersoni (Bowerbank) ? Procter (1933, p. 104., as Iophon chelifer)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Isodictyidae Isodictya deichmannae (de Laubenfels) ? Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Isodictyidae Isodictya palmata (Ellis & Solander) palmate sponge Procter (1933, p. 101., as Homoeodictya palmata), Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Isodictyidae Neoesperiopsis digitata (Miklucho-maclay) ? Procter (1933, p. 94., as Esperiopsis quatsinoensis)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Myxillidae Myxilla incrustans (Esper) ? Procter (1933, p. 99.), Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Myxillidae Myxilla fimbriata (Bowerbank) ? Procter (1933, p. 100.)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Microcionidae Microciona prolifera (Ellis & Solander) red beard sponge Procter (1933, p. 104.), Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale lingua (Bowerbank) ? Procter (1933, p. 97.)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale ovulum (Schmidt) ? Procter (1933, p. 98.)
Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Tedaniidae Tedania suctoria (Schmidt) ? Procter (1933, p. 101.)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona oculata (Pallas) finger sponge Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona permollis (Bowerbank) purple sponge Pollock (1998)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona ecbasis de Laubenfels ? Procter (1933, p. 88., as Reniera cinerea)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Haliclona rosea (Bowerbank) ? Procter (1933, p. 89., as Reniera heterofibrosa)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Reniera ventrilabrum Fristedt ? Procter (1933, p. 90.)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Reniera urceolus (Rathke and Vahl) ? Procter (1933, p. 93.)
Demospongiae Haplosclerida Chalinidae Chalina oculata (Pallas) mermaid's glove Procter (1933, p. 93.)
Calcarea Leucosolenida Sycettidae Scypha ciliata (Fabricius) little vase sponge Pollock (1998)
Calcarea Leucosolenida Leucosoleniidae Leucoselenia botryoides (Ellis & Solander) organ-pipe sponge Pollock (1998)

      TFV = Thomas F. Vining
   Pollock, Leland W. 1998. A Practical Guide to the Marine Animals of Northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press; New Brunswick, New Jersey. (ISBN 0-8135-2398-2)
   Procter, William. 1933. Biological Survey of the Mount Desert Region, Part V. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology.