Checklist of echinoderms (Phylum Echinodermata, Kingdom Animalia)
that live or potentially live in the waters of Mount Desert Island and adjacent ocean

compiled by the
Champlain Project - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653
info@vfthomas.com

(updated 12 August 2018)


Below is a working checklist of echinoderms that potentially live in the waters of Mount Desert Island and adjacent ocean. When the presence of a species is verified, the source information will be added.

Please send verification and corrections to info@vfthomas.com. Photographs are welcome. Thank you.



Class Order Family Genus Specific Epithet authority common name Sources (full citations given after this table)
Asteroidea Forcipulatida Asteriidae Asterias forbesi Blake Forbes’ asterias Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Forcipulatida Asteriidae Asterias rubens L. northern asterias Southwest Harbor: Champlainer (TFV, tidepool)
Asteroidea Forcipulatida Asteriidae Leptasterias tenera (Stimpson) slender-armed star Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Paxillosida Goniopectinidae Ctenodiscus crispatus (Retzius) mud star Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Spinulosida Echinasteridae Henricia sanguinolenta (O. F. Müller) blood star Southwest Harbor: Champlainer (TFV, tidepool)
Asteroidea Valvatida Goniasteridae Hippasteria phrygiana (Parellus) horse sea star Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Valvatida Poraniidae Porania pulvillus (O. F. Müller) badge sea star Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Valvatida Solasteridae Solaster endeca (L.) purple sun star Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Valvatida Solasteridae Crossaster papposus (L.) spiny sun star Pollock (1998)
Asteroidea Velatida Pterasteridae Pteraster militaris O. F. Müller winged sea star Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Amphiuridae Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje) dwarf brooding snake star Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Ophiacanthidae Ophiacantha bidentata ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Ophiacanthidae Ophiomitrella clavigera ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Ophiactidae Ophiopholis aculeata (L.) daisy brittle star Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Ophiuridae Ophiocten scutatum ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Ophiuridae Ophiura robusta ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Ophiurida Ophiuridae Ophiura sarsi Lütken [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Ophiuroidea Phrynophiurida Gorgonocephalidae Gorgonocephalus arcticus Leach northern basket star Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Apodida Chiridotidae Chiridota laevis (Fabricius) silky cucumber Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Apodida Synaptidae Leptosynapta roseola Verrill pink synapta Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Apodida Synaptidae Leptosynapta tenuis ? white synapta Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Dendrochirotida Cucumariidae Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus) orange-footed cucumber Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Dendrochirotida Cucumariidae Duasmodactyla commune (Forbes) [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Dendrochirotida Phyllophoridae Pentamera calcigera ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Dendrochirotida Psolidae Psolus fabricii Düben and Koren scarlet psolus Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Dendrochirotida Psolidae Psolus phantapus ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Dendrochirotida Sclerodactylidae Sclerodactyla briareus ? hairy cucumber Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Molpadiida Caudinidae Caudina arenata (Gould) rat-tailed cucumber Pollock (1998)
Holothuroidea Molpadiida Molpadiidae Molpadia oolitica ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)
Echinoidea Clypeasteroida Echinarachniidae Echinarachnius parma (Lamarck) sand dollar Mount Desert: Champlainer (TFV, dead specimen on Seal Harbor Beach)
Echinoidea Echinoida Strongylocentrotidae Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O. F. Müller) green sea urchin Southwest Harbor: Champlainer (TFV, tidepool near Ship Harbor)
Echinoidea Spatangoida Schizasteridae Brisaster fragilis ? [no common name?] Pollock (1998)


Sources:
   Champlainer:
      TFV = Thomas F. Vining
   Pollock (1998) = Pollock, Leland W. 1998. A Practical Guide to the Marine Animals of Northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press; New Brunswick, New Jersey. (ISBN 0-8135-2398-2)