Checklist of butterflies and skippers (Order Lepidoptera, Class Hexapoda, Phylum Arthropoda, Kingdom Animalia)
that have been reported from Mount Desert Island

compiled by the
Champlain Project - 183 Pleasant Street, Apartment 1 - Canton, Maine  04221
info@vfthomas.com

(updated 23 April 2017)


Below is a working checklist of Mount Desert Island's butterflies and skippers. Taxonomy follows "Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico" (15 May 2003 with additions) by Paul A. Opler and Andrew D. Warren (http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/old_site/uasm/Opler&Warren.pdf).

Please send corrections and updates to info@vfthomas.com. Photographs are welcome. Thank you.



Family
(Subfamily)
Genus Specific Epithet authority common name Sources (full citations given after this table)
Hesperiidae
(Pyrginae)
Epargyreus clarus (Cramer) silver-spotted skipper Champlainer (CM)
Hesperiidae
(Pyrginae)
Thorybes pylades (Scudder) northern cloudywing Procter (1946, p. 223.)
Hesperiidae
(Pyrginae)
Erynnis icelus (Scudder & Burgess) dreamy duskywing Procter (1946, p. 223.)
Hesperiidae
(Heteropterinae)
Carterocephalus palaemon (Pallas) arctic skipper Procter (1946, p. 223.) as Carterocephalus palaemon ssp. mandon
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Ancyloxypha numitor (Fabricius) least skipper Procter (1946, p. 223.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Hesperia comma (L.) Laurentian skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.) as Hesperia comma ssp. laurentina
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Hesperia leonardus Harris Leonard's skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Hesperia sassacus Harris Indian skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Polites peckius (W. Kirby) Peck's skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Polites themistocles (Latreille) tawny-edged skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Polites mystic (W. H. Edwards) long dash skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Wallengrenia otho (J. E. Smith) southern broken dash Procter (1946, p. 224.) as Catia otho
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Poanes hobomok (Harris) Hobomok skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Euphyes bimacula (Grote & Robinson) two-spotted skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae Euphyes vestris (Boisduval) dun skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.) as Euphyes ruricola
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Amblyscirtes hegon (Scudder) pepper and salt skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Hesperiidae
(Hesperiinae)
Amblyscirtes vialis (W. H. Edwards) common roadside skipper Procter (1946, p. 224.)
Papilionidae
(Papilioninae)
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius black swallowtail Procter (1946, p. 217.)
Papilionidae
(Papilioninae)
Papilio glaucus L. eastern tiger swallowtail Procter (1946, p. 217.)
[see note 1 below]
Papilionidae
(Papilioninae)
Papilio canadensis Rothschild & Jordan Canadian tiger swallowtail Champlainer (TFV)
Pieridae
(Pierinae)
Pieris rapae (L.) cabbage white Champlainer (TFV); Procter (1946, p. 218.)
Pieridae
(Pierinae)
Pieris oleracea Harris mustard white Procter (1946, p. 217.)
Pieridae
(Coliadinae)
Colias philodice Godart clouded sulphur Procter (1946, p. 217.)
Pieridae
(Coliadinae)
Colias eurytheme Boisduval alfalfa butterfly Procter (1946, p. 217.)
Pieridae
(Coliadinae)
Colias interior Scudder pink-edged sulphur Procter (1946, p. 217.)
Pieridae
(Coliadinae)
Pyrisitia lisa (Boisduval & Leconte) little sulphur Procter (1946, p. 217.)
Lycaenidae
(Miletinae)
Feniseca tarquinius (Fabricius) harvester Procter (1946, p. 222.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Lycaena phlaeas (L.) American copper Procter (1946, p. 222.) as Lycaena phlaeas ssp. hypophlaeas
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Lycaena epixanthe (Boisduval & Leconte) bog copper Procter (1946, p. 222.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Callophrys augustinus (Westwood) brown elfin Procter (1946, p. 222.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Callophrys polios (Cook & Watson) hoary elfin Procter (1946, p. 222.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Callophrys niphon Hübner eastern pine elfin Procter (1946, p. 222.) as Callophrys niphon ssp. clarki
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Satyrium edwardsii (Grote & Robinson) Edwards' hairstreak Procter (1946, p. 222.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Satyrium calanus (Hübner) banded hairstreak Procter (1946, p. 222.) as Satyrium calanus ssp. falacer
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Strymon melinus (Hübner) gray hairstreak Procter (1946, p. 222.) as Satyrium melinus
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Erora laeta (W. H. Edwards) early hairstreak Procter (1946, p. 222.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Cupido comyntas (Godart) eastern tailed blue Procter (1946, p. 223.)
Lycaenidae
(Lycaeninae)
Plebejus saepiolus (Boisduval) greenish blue Procter (1946, p. 223.) as Plebejus saepiolus ssp. amica
Lycaenidae Lycaenopsis pseudargiolus ? common blue Procter (1946, p. 223.)
Nymphalidae
(Danainae)
Danaus plexippus (L.) monarch Procter (1946, p. 218.)
Nymphalidae
(Heliconiinae)
Speyeria cybele (Fabricius) great spangled fritillary Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Heliconiinae)
Speyeria aphrodite (Fabricius) Aphrodite fritillary Champlainer (TFV); Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Heliconiinae)
Speyeria atlantis (W. H. Edwards) Atlantis fritillary Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Heliconiinae)
Boloria selene (Denis & Schiffermüller) silver-bordered fritillary Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Heliconiinae)
Boloria bellona (Fabricius) meadow fritillary Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Chlosyne nycteis (Doubleday) silvery checkerspot Procter (1946, p. 220.) as Phyciodes nycteis
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Chlosyne harrisii (Scudder) Harris's checkerspot Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Phyciodes tharos (Drury) pearl crescent Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Euphydryas phaeton (Drury) Baltimore checkerspot Procter (1946, p. 219.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Junonia coenia Hübner common buckeye Procter (1946, p. 221.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius) question mark Champlainer (CM); Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Polygonia comma (Harris) eastern comma Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Polygonia faunus (W. H. Edwards) green comma Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Polygonia progne (Cramer) gray comma Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Roddia vaualbum (Denis & Schiffermüller) Compton tortoiseshell Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Aglais milberti (Godart) Milbert's tortoiseshell Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Nymphalis antiopa (L.) mourning cloak Procter (1946, p. 220.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Vanessa atalanta (L.) red admiral Champlainer (TFV); Procter (1946, p. 221.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Vanessa cardui (L.) painted lady Procter (1946, p. 221.)
Nymphalidae
(Nymphalinae)
Vanessa virginiensis (Drury) American lady Champlainer (TFV); Procter (1946, p. 221.)
Nymphalidae
(Limenitidinae)
Limenitis arthemis (Drury) white admiral Champlainers (TFV, EMW); Procter (1946, p. 221.)
Nymphalidae
(Limenitidinae)
Limenitis archippus (Cramer) viceroy Procter (1946, p. 221.)
Nymphalidae
(Satyrinae)
Enodia anthedon A. H. Clark northern pearly-eye Champlainer (CM); Procter (1946, p. 218.)
Nymphalidae
(Satyrinae)
Satyrodes eurydice (L.) eyed brown Procter (1946, p. 218.)
Nymphalidae
(Satyrinae)
Cercyonis pegala (Fabricius) common wood nymph Procter (1946, p. 218.) as Cercyonis pegala ssp. alope and C. p. ssp. nephele
[see note 2 below]
Nymphalidae
(Satyrinae)
Oeneis jutta (Hübner) Jutta arctic Procter (1946, p. 219.) as Oeneis jutta ssp. ascerta


Notes:
   1. Procter's report was probably of Papilio canadensis Rothschild & Jordan.
   2. What Procter reported as subspecies alope and nephele are now viewed as phenotypes.


Sources:
   Champlainers:
      CM = Carol Muth
      TFV = Thomas F. Vining
      EMW = Emma Walsh
   Procter, William. 1946. Biological Survey of the Mount Desert Region, Part VII. Philadelphia: Wistar Institute.