Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 9 March 2023)

Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

Taxonomic history:
   1763: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus canadensis in Species Plantarum, 2nd ed., p. 1421.
   1855: Elie-Abel Carrière, in his Traité Général des Coniféres, elevated Tsuga from a section of Pinus to the genus level, and included in it the Pinus canadensis described by Linnaeus.
   today: The current name for this species is Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

original Latin description:
   Pinus foliis solitariis linearibus obtusiusculis submembranaceis.

English translation:
   Pinus with with leaves solitary, linear, somewhat obtuse, [and] submembranaceous leaves.

English translation with commentary:

Pinus Pinus
with leaves. foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i
solitary, solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis
linear, linearibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective linearis, -is, -e; modifies foliis
somewhat obtuse, obtusiusculis = obtusi- (combining form of group A adjective obtusus, -a, -um) + ablative plural neuter of group A adjectival suffix -usculus, -a, -um (a diminutive); modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
submembranaceous submembranaceis = sub- (prefix indicating reduced intensity in a quality) + ablative plural neuter of group A adjective membranaceus, -a, -um; modifies foliis

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