Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 January 2021)



Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

Taxonomic history:
   1763: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus canadensis in Species Plantarum, 2nd ed., p. 1421.
   1855: Elie-Abel Carrière, in his Traité Général des Coniféres, elevated Tsuga from a section of Pinus to the genus level, and included in it the Pinus canadensis described by Linnaeus.
   today: The current name for this species is Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.


original Latin description
Pinus foliis solitariis linearibus obtusiusculis submembranaceis.

Translation
Pinus with solitary, linear, somewhat obtuse, submembranaceous leaves.


Translation with commentary

Pinus Pinus
with solitary, solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis
linear, linearibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective linearis, -is, -e; modifies foliis
somewhat obtuse, obtusiusculis = obtusi- (combining form of group A adjective obtusus, -a, -um) + ablative plural neuter of group A adjectival suffix -usculus, -a, -um (a diminutive); modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
submembranaceous submembranaceis = sub- (prefix indicating reduced intensity in a quality) + ablative plural neuter of group A adjective membranaceus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
leaves. foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i



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