Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 2 June 2019)

Pinus glauca Moench
(Moench, C. 1785. Verzeichniss ausländischer Bäume und Stauden des Lustschlosses Weissenstein bey Cassel, p. 73)

Taxonomic history:
The genus Picea was created in 1824, and in the early 1900s, Voss transferred the above Pinus glauca to Picea. Reflecting this history, the current name for this species is Picea glauca (Moench) Voss.

Latin description
Pinus foliis solitariis, sparsis, tetragonis, glaucis; strobilis pendulis.

Pinus with solitary, alternate, tetragonal, glaucous leaves; with pendulous strobili.

Translation with commentary

Pinus Pinus
with solitary, solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis. Here the adjective solitarius, -a, -um refers to the leaves occurring singly as opposed to some other "Pinus" species (e.g., P. strobus) whose leaves grow in fascicles.
alternate, sparsis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective sparsus, -a, -um; modifies foliis. Whereas solitarius, -a, -um above focused on the condition of a single leaf, sparsus, -a, -um here calls attention to the arrangement of leaves relative to each other.
tetragonal, tetragonis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective tetragonus, -a, -um; modifies foliis.
glaucous glaucis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective glaucus, -a, -um; modifies foliis.
leaves; foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
with pendulous pendulis - ablative plural masculine of group A adjective pendulus, -a, -um; modifies strobilis.
strobili. strobilis - ablative plural of 2nd declension masculine noun strobilus, -i