Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 2 June 2019)

Pinus canadensis L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1763. Species Plantarum, 2nd ed., p. 1421)

Taxonomic history:
Elie-Abel Carrière, in his 1855 Traité Général des Coniféres, elevated Tsuga from a section of Pinus to the genus level and included in it the Pinus canadensis described (above) by Linnaeus in 1763. Reflecting this history, the current name for this species is Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

Latin description
Pinus foliis solitariis linearibus obtusiusculis submembranaceis.

Pinus with solitary, linear, somewhat obtuse, submembranaceous leaves.

Translation with commentary

Pinus Pinus
with solitary, solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis
linear, linearibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective linearis, -is, -e; modifies foliis
somewhat obtuse, obtusiusculis = obtusi- (combining form of group A adjective obtusus, -a, -um) + ablative plural neuter of group A adjectival suffix -usculus, -a, -um (a diminutive); modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
submembranaceous submembranaceis = sub- (prefix indicating reduced intensity in a quality) + ablative plural neuter of group A adjective membranaceus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
leaves. foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i