Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 2 June 2019)

Pinus abies L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)

Taxonomic history:
A. G. Dietrich created the genus Picea in volume 2 of his 1824 Flora der Gegend um Berlin. In 1881, H. Karsten, in his Deutsche Flora, moved Pinus abies to the genus Picea. Therefore, the current name for the species is Picea abies (L.) H. Karsten.

Latin description
Pinus foliis subulatis mucronatis laevibus bifariam versis.

Pinus with leaves [that are] subulate, mucronate, smooth, [and] turned in two directions.

Translation with commentary

Pinus Pinus
with leaves; foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i
[that are] [added for smoother reading]
subulate, subulatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subulatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
mucronate, mucronatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective mucronatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
smooth, laevibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective laevis, -is, -e; modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
turned versis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective versus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
in two directions. bifariam - adverb