A. G. Dietrich created the genus Picea in volume 2 of his 1824 Flora der Gegend um Berlin. In 1881, H. Karsten, in his Deutsche Flora, moved Pinus abies to the genus Picea. Therefore, the current name for the species is Picea abies (L.) H. Karsten.
Pinus foliis subulatis mucronatis laevibus bifariam versis.
Pinus with leaves [that are] subulate, mucronate, smooth, [and] turned in two directions.
Translation with commentary
|with leaves;||foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i|
|[that are]||[added for smoother reading]|
|subulate,||subulatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subulatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis|
|mucronate,||mucronatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective mucronatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis|
|smooth,||laevibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective laevis, -is, -e; modifies foliis|
|[and]||[added for smoother reading]|
|turned||versis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective versus, -a, -um; modifies foliis|
|in two directions.||bifariam - adverb|