Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 June 2022)



Picea glauca (Moench) Voss


Taxonomic history:
   1785: C. Moench described this species as Pinus glauca in Verzeichniss ausländischer Bäume und Stauden des Lustschlosses Weissenstein bey Cassel, p. 73.)
   1824: Albert Gottfried Dietrich created the genus Picea in part 2 of his Flora der Gegend um Berlin.
   early 1900s: Voss transferred the above Pinus glauca to Picea.
   today: The current name for this species is Picea glauca (Moench) Voss.


original Latin description
Pinus foliis solitariis, sparsis, tetragonis, glaucis; strobilis pendulis.

Translation
Pinus with leaves solitary, alternate, tetragonal, glaucous; with strobili pendulous.


Translation with commentary

Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
solitary, solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis. Here the adjective solitarius, -a, -um refers to the leaves occurring singly as opposed to some other "Pinus" species (e.g., P. strobus) whose leaves grow in fascicles.
alternate, sparsis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective sparsus, -a, -um; modifies foliis. Whereas solitarius, -a, -um above focused on the condition of a single leaf, sparsus, -a, -um here calls attention to the arrangement of leaves relative to each other.
tetragonal, tetragonis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective tetragonus, -a, -um; modifies foliis.
glaucous; glaucis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective glaucus, -a, -um; modifies foliis.
with strobili strobilis - ablative plural of 2nd declension masculine noun strobilus, -i
pendulous. pendulis - ablative plural masculine of group A adjective pendulus, -a, -um; modifies strobilis.



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