Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 June 2022)



Picea abies (L.) Karst.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus abies in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile.
   1824: A. G. Dietrich created the genus Picea in volume 2 of his Flora der Gegend um Berlin.
   1881: H. Karsten, in his Deutsche Flora, moved Pinus abies to the genus Picea.
   Today: The current name for this species is Picea abies (L.) Karst.


original Latin description
Pinus foliis subulatis mucronatis laevibus bifariam versis.

Translation
Pinus with leaves subulate, mucronate, smooth, [and] turned in two directions.


Translation with commentary

Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i
subulate, subulatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subulatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
mucronate, mucronatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective mucronatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
smooth, laevibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective laevis, -is, -e; modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
turned versis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective versus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
in two directions. bifariam - adverb



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