Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 5 March 2023)





Juniperus communis L.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Juniperus communis in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1040.
   today: The current name for this species is Juniperus L.


original Latin description
Juniperus foliis ternis patentibus mucronatis.

English translation
Juniperus with leaves in threes, spreading, [and] mucronate.


English translation with commentary
Juniperus Juniperus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
in threes, ternis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective terni, -ae, -a; modifies foliis
spreading, patentibus - ablative plural neuter of present active participle of 2nd conjugation verb pateo, -ere, -ui, —; modifies foliis
[and] added for smoother reading
mucronate. mucronatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective mucronatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis


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