Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 June 2022)





Juniperus communis L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1040 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)


original Latin description
Juniperus foliis ternis patentibus mucronatis.

Translation
Juniperus with leaves in threes, spreading, [and] mucronate.


Translation with commentary
Juniperus Juniperus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
in threes. ternis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective terni, -ae, -a; agrees with foliis
spreading, patentibus - ablative plural neuter of present active participle of 2nd conjugation verb pateo, -ere, -ui, —; agrees with foliis
[and] added for smoother reading
mucronate. mucronatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective mucronatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis


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