Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 2 June 2019)





Juniperus communis L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1040 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)


Latin description
Juniperus foliis ternis patentibus mucronatis.


Translation
Juniperus with mucronate leaves spreading in threes.


Translation with commentary
Juniperus Juniperus
with sharply pointed mucronatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective mucronatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
spreading patentibus - ablative plural neuter of present active participle of 2nd conjugation verb pateo, -ere, -ui, —; agrees with foliis
in threes. ternis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective terni, -ae, -a; agrees with foliis