Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 29 December 2018)





Iris versicolor L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 39 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)

Latin description
Iris corollis imberbibus, germinibus subtrigonis, caule tereti, foliis ensiformibus.


Translation
Iris with corollas beardless, with ovaries subtrigonous, with stem terete, [and] with leaves ensiform.



Translation with commentary
Iris Iris
with corollas corollis - ablative plural of first declension feminine noun corolla, -ae
beardless, imberbibus - ablative plural feminine of group B adjective imberbis, -is, -e; modifies corollis
with ovaries germinibus - ablative plural of third declension neuter noun germen, germinis
subtrigonous, subtrigonis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subtrigonus, -a, -um; modifies germinibus
with stem caule - ablative singular of third declension masculine noun caulis, caulis
terete, tereti - ablative singular masculine of group B adjective teres, teres, teres; modifies caule
[and] [added for smoother reading]
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
ensiform. ensiformibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective ensiformis, -is, -e; modifies foliis