Botanical Latin Translations

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V. F. Thomas Co. - 167 Thorne Mountain Road - Canton, Maine  04221

(updated 7 June 2022)

Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Amomum cardamomum in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1.
   today: The current name for this species is Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

original Latin description
Amomum scapo bracteis alternis laxis caule breviore.

Amomum with a scape with alternate, open bracts [that is] shorter than the stem.

Translation with commentary
Amomum Amomum
with a scape scapo - ablative singular of 2nd declension masculine noun scapus, -i
with alternate, alternis - ablative plural feminine of group A adjective alternus, -a, -um; modifies bracteis
open laxis - ablative plural feminine of group A adjective laxus, -a, -um; modifies bracteis
bracts bracteis - ablative plural of 1st declension feminine noun bractea, =ae
[that is] added for smoother reading
shorter breviore - ablative singular masculine of comparative degree of group B adjective brevis, -is, -e; modifies scapo
than the stem. caule - ablative singular of 3rd declension masculine noun caulis, -is

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