Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 June 2022)



Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub


Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species in Species Plantarum, edition 1, p. 1104. as Lycopodium complanatum
   1975: In Preslia 47:104, Holub created the genus Diphasiastrum. On p. 108 of that publication, he placed Lycopodium complanatum in that genus.
   today: The current name for this species is Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub.


oroginal Latin description
Lycopodium foliis bifariis connatis, superficialibus solitariis, spicis geminis pedunculatis.

Translation
Lycopodium with leaves two-ranked [and] connate; with the upper surfaces one; with spikes [i.e., strobili] paired [and] pedunculate.



Translation with commentary
Lycopodium Lycopodium
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i
two-ranked bifariis - combining form of bi- [Greek] plus ablative plural neuter of group A adjective -farius, -a, -um; modifies foliis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
connate; connatis - ablative plural neuter of perfect passive participle of 3rd conjugation verb connascor, ---, connasci, connatus; modifies foliis
with upper surfaces superficialibus - ablative plural of 5th declension neuter noun superficialis, superficialis [Question: Should this have been superficiebus?]
one; solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies superficialibus [Note: possible intent is that the upper surfaces of the branches are all in one plane?]
with spikes [i.e., strobili] spicis - ablative plural of 1st declension feminine noun spica, -ae
paired geminis - ablative plural feminine of group A adjective geminus, -a, -um; modifies spicis
[and] [added for smoother reading]
pedunculate. pedunculatis - ablative plural feminine of group A adjective pedunculatus, -a, -um; modifies spicis



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