Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 June 2022)





Curcuma rotunda L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 2 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)

original Latin description
Curcuma foliis lanceolato-ovatis; nervis lateralibus rarissimis.

Translation
Curcuma with leaves lanceolate-ovate; [and] with lateral nerves very rare.



Translation with commentary
Curcuma Curcuma
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
lanceolate-ovate, lanceolato-ovatis = lanceolato- [combining form of lanceolatus, -a, -um + ablative plural neuter of group A adjective ovatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
[and] added for smoother reading
with lateral lateralibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective lateralis, -is, -e; modifies nervis
nerves nervis - ablative plural masculine of second declension noun nervus, -i
very rare. rarissimis - superlative degree, ablative plural neuter of group A adjective rarus, -a, -um


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