Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 7 June 2022)





Curcuma longa L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 2 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)

original Latin description
Curcuma foliis lanceolatis; nervis lateralibus numerosissimis.

Translation
Curcuma with leaves lanceolate; with lateral nerves very numerous.



Translation with commentary
Curcuma Curcuma
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
lanceolatis; lanceolatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective lanceolatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
with lateral lateralibus - ablative plural neuter of group B adjective lateralis, -is, -e; modifies nervis
nerves nervis - ablative plural masculine of second declension noun nervus, -i
very numerous. numerosissimis - superlative degree, ablative plural neuter of group A adjective numerosus, -a, -um


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