Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 8 March 2016)





Cupressus thyoides L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1003 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)


Taxonomic history:
In 1841, Édouard Spach created the genus Chamaecyparis (Chamécyparis in his original French text) in volume 11 (page 329) of his Histoire Naturelle des Végétaux: Phanérogames. In 1888, when Nathaniel Lord Britton, E. E. Sterns, and Justus F. Poggenburg (usually abbreviated as B.S.P.) “revised and corrected” the nomenclature of the Preliminary Catalogue of Anthophyta and Pteridophyta reported as growing spontaneously within one hundred miles of New York City, they moved Cupressus thyoides to the genus Chamaecyparis (page 71). Therefore, the current name for the species is Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) B.S.P.


Latin description
Cupressus foliis imbricatis, frondibus ancipitibus.


Translation
Cupressus with imbricate leaves [and] two-sided branchlets.



Translation with commentary
Cupressus Cupressus
with imbricate imbricatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective imbricatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i
[and] added for smoother reading
two-sided [i.e., planar] ancipitibus - ablative plural feminine of group B adjective anceps, anceps, anceps; modifies frondibus
branchlets. frondibus - ablative plural of 3rd declension feminine noun frons, frondis


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