Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 2 June 2019)

Cupressus disticha L.
(Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1003 of Ray Society 1957 facsimile)

Taxonomic history:
Richard created the genus Taxodium in 1808 in Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle volume 16, page 298, and at the same time transferred Cupressus disticha to that genus. Therefore, the current name for the species is Taxodium distichum (L.) Richard.

Latin description
Cupressus foliis distichis patentibus.

Cupressus with distichous, spreading leaves.

Translation with commentary
Cupressus Cupressus
with distichous, distichis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective distichus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
spreading patentibus - ablative plural neuter of present active participle of 2nd conjugation verb pateo, -ere, -ui, —; agrees with folios
leaves foliis - ablative plural of second declension neuter noun folium, -i