Botanical Latin Translations

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(updated 31 December 2022)





Abies balsamea (L.) P. Mill.

Taxonomic history:
   1753: Linnaeus described this species as Pinus balsamea in Species Plantarum, 1st ed., p. 1002.
   1754: Philip Miller created the genus Abies in the 4th edition of The Gardeners Dictionary.
   1768: Philip Miller, in The Gardeners Dictionary, 8th edition. Abies no. 3., transferred Pinus balsamea to the genus Abies.
   today: The current name for this species is Abies balsamea (L.) P. Mill.


Original Latin description:
Pinus foliis solitariis subemarginatis: subtus linea duplici punctata.

English translation:
Pinus with leaves solitary [and] subemarginate; below with a line double [and] dotted.


English translation with commentary:
Pinus Pinus
with leaves foliis - ablative plural of 2nd declension neuter noun folium, -i
solitary solitariis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective solitarius, -a, -um; modifies foliis
[and] added for smoother reading
subemarginate; subemarginatis - ablative plural neuter of group A adjective subemarginatus, -a, -um; modifies foliis
below subtus - adverb
with a line linea - ablative singular of 1st declension feminine noun linea, -ae
double duplici - ablative singular feminine of group B adjective duplex, duplex, duplex; modifies linea
[and] added for smoother reading
dotted. punctata - ablative singular feminine of group A adjective punctatus, -a, -um; modifies linea



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