Botanical Latin
Lesson 2 - Nouns and the First Declension

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 84 - Hulls Cove, Maine  04644

(updated 27 December 2022)


Translate the following into English. Because no macrons are used, you will be told when there is an ablative case.
   1. inflorescentia cyma - inflorescence a cyme
   2. plantae herbae - plants herbs
   3. corolla plantae - corolla of a plant
   4. familiae plantarum - families of plants
   5. capsula valvis [valvis is in the ablative here] - a capsule with valves
   6. gemma maculis [maculis is in the ablative] - a bud with spots
   7. galea carina [the case of carina is ablative] - a hood with a keel
   8. herbae gemmis et setis [both gemmis and setis ablative; et = and] - herbs with buds and bristles
   9. absentia antherarum [one of these two words is in the ablative] - with the absence of anthers
   10. bractea absentia venarum [one of the words is in the ablative] - bracts with an absence of veins

Write the following in Latin.
   1. with a corolla - corolla [ablative singular]
   2. keels [as a direct object] - carinas [accusative plural]
   3. the silique’s bristles - setae [nominative plural] siliquae [genitive singular]
   4. the siliques’ bristles - setae [nominative plural] siliquarum [genitive plural]
   5. to the drupe [indirect object] - drupae [dative singular
   6. a line of spots [line = linea] - linea [nominative singular] macularum [genitive plural]
   7. the plant an herb - planta [nominative singular] herba [nominative singular]
   8. a plant with glumes - planta [nominative singular] glumis [ablative plural]
   9. an herb with an inflorescence of spikes - herba [nominative singular] inflorescentia [ablative singular] spicarum [genitive plural]
   10. a plant with an infructescence of berries - planta [nominative singular] infructescentia [ablative singular] baccarum [genitive plural]

Write a Latin description for the following. These are more challenging. You have to convey the meaning rather than following the exact wording.
   1. berries that have bristles on them - baccae [nominative plural] setis [ablative plural]
   2. a plant whose flowers occur in umbels - planta [nominative singular] umbellis [ablative plural]