Welcome to a summary of the cultural history of the town of Durham, Androscoggin County, Maine. Each item below marks a highlight of Durham’s history.
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In addition to the dates and events below, there are webpages about Durham’s
census records (1790, 1800);
genealogy [includes surnames from other places]; and
|11,000–10,500 b.p. (before present)||First indigenous persons (paleo Indians) in Maine|
|10,000 b.p.–approximately 1620 c.e. (common era)||Indigenous people did not have written languages. Although much has been learned about their cultures, their “history” as that term is usually understood in European cultures is unknown to us. It was not until the period of contact that written material about their history/culture is known, and that is from the European perspective.|
|???–1775||The Anasagunticook tribe, with their “tribal capital” at what is now called Canton Point (in Canton, Oxford County), lived in villages along the Androscoggin River (e.g., today’s Lisbon, Brunswick, Topsham, Lewiston, and Auburn).|
|1762||Survey of Royalston made by Stephen Getchell, soon found to be defective.|
|1766||Pejepscot Proprietors voted that in Plantation of Royalsborough lands be laid out and cleared. Survey/plan made by Joseph Noyes.|
|1767||158 lots laid out, 96 for the proprietors and 621 for future sale to settlers. A plan, revising the Noyes plan, was made on 23 November by John Brown.|
|1768||Jonathan Bagley, Belcher Noyes, and Moses Little chosen to obtain settlers.|
|24 February 1774||First plantation meeting held|
|1774–1775||First inhabitants: At least Joshua Babb, O. Israel Bagley, Stephen Chase, Samuel Clough, Thomas Coffin, John Cushing, John Dane (Dean?), Josiah Day, Josiah Dunn, Michael Dyer, Ichabod Frost, Charles Gerrish, Nathaniel Gerrish, William Gerrish, Hugh Getchell, John Getchell, Stephen Hart, Charles Hill, Ezekiel Jones, Edmund Lane, Nathaniel Lewis, John Randall, Batchelder Ring, Joshua Strout, Benjamin Vining, and Samuel York.|
|17 February 1789||Durham (formerly Royalston Plantation) incorporated.|