Augusta Postal History
Kennebec County, Maine

a service of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 55 - Bass Harbor, Maine  04653
info@vfthomas.com

(updated 20 May 2019)


Thank you for the contributions to this page from Jim Rose and from the Strout family collection.



During the history of the city of Augusta, there have been seven post offices.

Briefly, the history of these seven is as follows:
1. Hallowell Court House post office was established on 12 August 1794. It was renamed Augusta post office on 1 July 1797 as is still operating.
2. Augusta Sta. No. 1, whose earliest known postmark is on 8 May 1934, is still operating.
3. Augusta Sta. No. 3, whose earliest known postmark is on 14 April 1933, is still operating.
4. Bolton post office opened on 21 August 1794 and closed on 29 January 1896.
5. Church Hill post office opened on 14 April 1899 and closed on 14 January 1902.
6. Read’s Corner post office opened on 25 December 1818 and closed in February 1820.
7. Water Street Sta. Augusta, whose earliest known postmark is 20 June 1966, is still operating.


In 1914, there was only one post office in Augusta: Augusta. (source: Post Route Map of the State of Maine 1914)
      
      Click on image to enlarge.




Postmarks from the town of Augusta include:
Augusta
Augusta Sta. No. 1
Augusta Sta. No. 3
Bolton
Church Hill
Hallowell Court House
Read’s Corner
Water Street Sta. Augusta



Augusta


1 July 1797:
   Augusta post office opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1839 February 27: [year determined from inside notation
   Free frank.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1844 August 13:
      The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter. (notation; letter [page 1]; letter [page 2])
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

year? August 5:
   The cornucopia postmark is approximately 27 mm tall and perhaps 26 or 27 mm wide at the top. Free frank.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1845 April 25: [year and month determined from enclosed letter
   The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1846 June 5: [year determined from enclosed letter]
   The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1850 September 7 through 1851 May 27: [year determined from enclosed letter]
   The circular postmark is 33–34 mm in diameter.
         
      Click on an image to enlarge.

1852:
   Postmaster: Joseph Burton. (source: Maine Register and State Reference Book. 1852.)

1852 February 2: [year determined from enclosed letter]
   The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1852 December 9: [year determined from enclosed letter]
   The circular postmark is approximately 33 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1864? February 18:
   The circular postmark is 25–26 mm in diameter. Note the words “State of Maine” at the top center and the words “Senate Chamber” at the lower left.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1867 September 19: [year determined from contents]
   The circular postmark is approximately 23 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

year? September 1:
   The circular postmark is 25–26 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1881 April 27:
   The circular postmark is 26–27 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

year? February 20:
   The circular postmark is approximately 27 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1888 May 21 through 1891 April 28:
   The circular postmark is 27–28 mm in diameter.
         
      Click on an image to enlarge.

1891 May 9 through 1894 April 16:
   The circular postmark is approximately 28 mm in diameter. The elliptical cancellation to the right of the postmark is composed of seven parallel bars with an overall size of approximately 32 mm long and 18 mm wide.
         
      Click on an image to enlarge.

1894 July 27:
   Machine cancellation with a circular postmark of approximately 19 mm in diameter and to the right of the postmark a cancellation of a set of 7 horizontal bars 57 mm long and separated by just under 2.4 mm on center. A numeral is centered in the bars approximately 39–40 mm from their left end.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1895 September 6 through 1895 October 4:
   The circular postmark is 24–26 mm in diameter. The elliptical cancellation to the right of the circle is approximately 32 mm tall and 18 mm wide, with 3 bars both above and below the numeral, which is enclosed in a circle. It appears that the postmark and the cancellation are part of the same unit, and that the Augusta post office had at least two such units, one with the numeral 1 and one with the numeral 2.
         
      Click on an image to enlarge.

1905 March 24:
   The rectangular postmark is 15–16 mm high and approximately 32 mm wide.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1913 April 1:
   The circular postmark is approximately 25 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1916 December 17:
   The circular postmark is 22–23 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

year? January 6:
   The circular postmark is approximately 22 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1920 November 29:
   The circular postmark is approximately 22 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1935 February 8:
   The circular postmark is approximately 22 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1939 December 4:
   The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

1942 October 14 through 1943 May 28:
   The circular postmark is 21–23 mm in diameter.
         
      Click on an image to enlarge.

1965 July 15:
   The circular postmark is 21–22 mm in diameter.
      
      Click on image to enlarge.

today:
   Augusta post office is still in operation.