Poland Postal History
Androscoggin County, Maine

a project of
V. F. Thomas Co. - P. O. Box 111 - Shawmut, Maine  04975
info@vfthomas.com

(updated 9 March 2021)


Thank you for the contributions to this page from James Husson, Kelvin Kindahl, and the Strout family collection.



During the history of the town of Poland, there have been seven post offices.

Briefly, the history of these seven is as follows:
1. East Poland post office opened on 4 September 1826, closed 30 September 1828, re-opened 28 January 1834, closed 29 June 1836, re-opened 23 June 1837, closed 22 April 1842, re-opened 4 Septeber 1849, and is still operating.
2. Empire post office opened on 23 April 1894 and closed 15 November 1907.
3. Poland (1) post office was established on 5 Septmeber 1800 and was renamed on 1 January 1801 as Minot post office (in Minot).
4. Poland (2) post office ooperated from 3 May 1813 until 25 June 1994.
5. South Poland post office was established on 4 June 1862 and was renamed on 31 May 1939 as Poland Spring post office. (The last day of operation for South Poland was 31 May 1939, and the first day of operation for Poland Spring was 1 June 1939.) Poland Spring post office was renamed on 1 January 1996 as Poland (3) post office and is still operating.
6. West Poland post office was established on 19 May 1837 and is still operating.
7. Worthley post office operated from 8 August 1882 until 12 November 1884.


In 1914, there were four post offices in Poland: East Poland, Poland (2), South Poland, and West Poland. (source: Post Route Map of the State of Maine 1914)
      
      (click on image to enlarge)




Postmarks from the town of Poland include:
East Poland
Empire
Poland (1)
Poland (2)
Poland (3)
Poland Spring
South Poland
West Poland
Worthley



East Poland

1826 September 4:
   East Poland post office opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1828 September 30:
   East Poland post office closed. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1834 January 28:
   East Poland post office re-opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1836 June 29:
   East Poland post office closed. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1837 June 23:
   East Poland post office re-opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1842 April 22:
   East Poland post office closed. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1849 September 4:
   East Poland post office re-opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1893 October 16: [year determined from reverse]
   The outer circle (including the “teeth”) of the postmark is approximately 31 mm in diameter.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1908 October 12:
   The circular postmark is approximately 31 mm in diameter. (image side of card)
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1916 April 4 through 1916 June 9:
   The circular postmark is 31–32 mm in diameter.
         
      (click on an image to enlarge)

date?:
   East Poland post office.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1936 September 28:
   The circular postmark is approximately 33 mm in diameter.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1956 October 5:
   The circular postmark is approximately 32 mm in diameter. The outside vertical height of the four horizontal bars to the right of the circle is 18 mm.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

today:
   East Poland post office is still in operation.



Poland (2)

1813 May 3:
   Poland (2) post office opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1852:
   Postmaster: William Cousins (source: Maine Register and State Reference Book. 1852.)

1904 September 27 through 1905 August 10:
   The circular postmark is 29–30 mm in diameter.
         
      (click on an image to enlarge)

1930 June 30:
   The circular postmark is 32–33 mm in diameter. The lines to the right of the circle are approximately 6 mm apart on center. The time of day of the postmark is to the nearest half hour.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1934 February 1:
   Eber J. Johnson appointed Acting Postmaster.

1935 May 29:
   Eber J. Johnson appointed Postmaster.

1939 December 11:
   The circular postmark is 33–34 mm in diameter. The outside vertical height of the four horizontal bars to the right of the circle is approximately 20 mm.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1949 July 21:
   The circular postmark is 33–34 mm in diameter. The lines to the right of the circle are approximately 6 mm apart on center. The time of day of the postmark is either A.M. or P.M.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1950 March 29 through 1950 November 13:
   The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter. The elliptical cancellation to the right of the circle is approximately 33 mm tall, with 4 bars both above and below the numeral.
         
      (click on an image to enlarge)

1955 June 30:
   Pauline C. Nason appointed Acting Postmaster.

1956 June 20:
   Pauline C. Nason appointed Postmaster.

1983 June 30:
   Claire R. Breton appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1983 September 3:
   Terrence P. King appointed Postmaster.

1985 October 9:
   Francis G. Drovin appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1986 January 18:
   Deborah W. Preble appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1986 March 1:
   Gwendolyn Jordan appointed Postmaster.

1990 March 15:
   Carol Kimball appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1990 July 10:
   Arnold Jordan appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1990 November 24:
   Paul Foster appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1991 March 22:
   Pauline Jordan appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1991 November 15:
   Cynthia A. Rogers appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1992 October 9:
   Joseph W. Marsden appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1993 January 7:
   Millie Pelletier appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1993 December 29:
   Anna Snowdale appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1994 June 25:
   Poland (2) post office closed. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)



Poland (3)

1996 January 1:
   The former Poland Spring post office was renamed as Poland (3) post office. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

2012 February 1:
   Michael E. Thurston appointed Officer-in-Charge.

2012 June 30:
   Mitchell C. Curtis appointed Postmaster.

2012 October 2:
   Barbara Menzel appointed Officer-in-Charge.

2013 March 9:
   James E. Fitzsimmons appointed Postmaster.

2013 May 21:
   Michael Thurston appointed Officer-in-Charge.

2014 January 11:
   Darin R. Baker appointed Postmaster.

2018 January 25:
   Kathleen Stetson appointed Officer-in-Charge.

2018 March 31:
   Kathleen Stetson appointed Postmaster.

2019 September 14:
   Angela M. Thompson appointed Postmaster.

today:
   Poland (3) post office is still in operation.



Poland Spring



1939 June 1:
   First day of operation with Poland Spring postmark. The former South Poland post office was renamed as Poland Spring post office. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)


1939 June 1:
   The circular postmark is about 30 mm in diameter.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1942 March 31:
   Charles W. Ricker appointed Acting Postmaster.

1945 June 30:
   Paul J. Cody appointed Postmaster.

1969 July 1:
   Dorothy C. Coffin appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1970 December 12:
   Dorothy C. Coffin appointed Postmaster.

1988 January 28:
   Horace P. Rowe appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1988 March 12:
   Anne M. Trottier appointed Postmaster.

1993 March 20:
   Edward A. Baxter appointed Postmaster.

1994 November 30:
   Donna L. Gacetta appointed Officer-in-Charge.

1995 February 4:
   Wayne P. Penley appointed Postmaster.

1996 January 1:
   Poland Spring post office renamed as Poland (3) post office. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)



South Poland

1862 June 4:
   South Poland post office opened. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)

1862 June 4:
   Hiram Ricker appointed Postmaster.

1893 July 17:
   Hiram W. Ricker appointed Postmaster.

1909 April 15:
   The circular postmark is approximately 30 mm in diameter.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1924 March 1:
   Hiram W. Ricker Jr. appointed Postmaster.

1934 April 5:
   The circular postmark is 22–23 mm in diameter.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1937 April 26:
   Paul J. Cody appointed Acting Postmaster.

1937 December 18:
   Paul J. Cody appointed Postmaster.

1939 May 31:
   The circular postmark is about 30 mm in diameter.
      
      (click on image to enlarge)

1939 May 31:
   Last day of operation with South Poland postmark. South Poland post office renamed as Poland Spring post office. (source: Maine Philatelic Society. 1995. The Post Offices of Maine: A Rarity Guide.)